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Smith laid the foundations of classical free market economic theory. Smith was controversial in his own day and his general approach and writing style were often satirised by Tory writers in the moralising tradition of William Hogarth and Jonathan Swift.
The latter, usually abbreviated as The Wealth of Nations, is considered his magnum opus and the first modern work of economics. After graduating, he delivered a successful series of public lectures at Edinburgh, leading him to collaborate with David Hume during the Scottish Enlightenment. Smith obtained a professorship at Glasgow teaching moral philosophy, and during this time he wrote and published The Theory of Moral Sentiments.
The Wealth of Nations was a precursor to the modern academic discipline of economics.