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It is the largest cm and best preserved of all the biblical scrolls, and the only one that is almost complete.
Masoretic Version of the Hebrew Bible The evidence emerging from the Qumran scrolls is that there were several concurrent versions of the biblical text, though one - now referred minhyuk and seolhyun dating as the proto-Rabbinic or proto-Masoretic - enjoyed a special status by the Greco-Roman period 3rd century BCE - 1st century CE. Unlike most of the biblical scrolls from Qumran, it z datings a very full orthography spellingrevealing how Hebrew was pronounced in the Second Temple Period.
At the same time, however, the two thousand year old scroll contains alternative spellings, scribal errors, corrections, and most fundamentally, many variant readings. If you do not read Hebrew, please take the following suggested steps: Modern scholarship considers the Book of Isaiah to be an anthology, the two principal compositions of which are the Book of Isaiah proper chapterswith some exceptionscontaining the words of the prophet Isaiah himself, dating from the time of the First Temple, around BCE, and Second Isaiah Deutero-Isaiah, chapterscomprising the words of an anonymous prophet, who lived some one hundred and fifty years later, around the time of the Babylonian exile and the restoration of the Temple in the Persian Period.
Note that this translation reflects only the Masoretic version of the biblical book, and does not specifically reflect the present text of the Great Isaiah Scroll version. Perhaps the most renowned of these is Isaiah's vision of universal peace at the End of Days: Keeping these basic concepts in mind, we recommend that you use the tools at your disposal in the following ways: By the time our Isaiah Scroll was copied the last third of the second century BCEthe book was already regarded as a single composition. Through the activity of generations of sages known as "Masoretes"who faithfully preserved and transmitted the sacred words across centuries, an authoritative or Masoretic version of the Hebrew Bible gradually evolved, containing its definitive correct text, proper vocalization, and accentuation marks.
For example, the second half of Verse 9 and all of Verse 10 in the present Masoretic version of Chapter 2 are absent from the Great Isaiah Scroll in the Israel Museum's full manuscript that you see here online. Thus you will be able to evaluate on your own the intricate issue of variant readings, which have obvious literary, historical and theological implications for the correct understanding of Isaiah's original words.